Author Archives: George Putnam

Freedom of Speech Painting

Norman Rockwell’s 1942 painting Freedom of Speech was a huge success. (This was one of four paintings he did to illustrate President Franklin Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms. See Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms and Rockwell’s Four Freedoms.) Rockwell himself liked it the best … Continue reading

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Rockwell’s Four Freedoms

Norman Rockwell’s famous paintings of the Four Freedoms are shown below: These paintings illustrate the Four Freedoms that President Franklin Roosevelt introduced in a speech to Congress in January 1941: Freedom of speech Freedom of worship Freedom from want Freedom … Continue reading

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Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms

The photo to the left shows President Franklin Roosevelt giving his annual Message to Congress (what we now call the State of the Union address) on January 6, 1941. This became known as the Four Freedoms speech. Two months earlier, … Continue reading

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Act 46 and Democracy

What does Act 46 mean for democracy? Before considering that general question, let’s review a more specific question: What happened with Act 46 in Cambridge? The short answer is that the town lost control of its elementary school. The photo … Continue reading

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Science vs. Philosophy

What is the difference between science and philosophy? My last two posts (here and here) touched on themes involving both science and philosophy. And that got me thinking about the relationship between science and philosophy. I don’t hold myself out … Continue reading

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Complementarity and Civility

Niels Bohr was one of the most important physicists of the 20th century, a peer of Albert Einstein. In the previous post, I used Michael Frayn’s play Copenhagen to introduce Bohr and his contribution to quantum theory – the principle … Continue reading

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Copenhagen – the play

Copenhagen by Michael Frayn is a fascinating play about uncertainty, complementarity, friendship, morality, and the atomic bomb. Most of these themes are familiar words, but what the heck is complementarity? Copenhagen is based on an historical event, a meeting in … Continue reading

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